Observing Systems Capability Analysis and Review Tool
Satellite Programme: Himawari 1st generation (Geostationary Meteorological Satellite)
Himawari means "Sunflower". Three generations: the 1st named GMS (Geostationary Meteorological Satellite), the 2nd MTSAT (Multifunction Transport Satellite), the 3rd simply Himawari.
The GMS series includes 5 geostationary satellites for operational meteorology.
Japanese programme: JMA responsible of the overall programme and of running the operationa, JAXA responsible of the development of the space segment.
The satellites are spin-stabilised.
The design lifetime is 5 years.
The nominal position is 140°E.
The replacement policy is based on launching satellites at roughly 5-year intervals.
See detailed description at
Full data in real time to the CDAS (Command and Data Acquisition Station).
Processing and dissemination in near-real time by the JMA Meteorological Data Center (MSC).
1977 - 2003
Associated satellites and instruments
Note: red tag => no longer operational , green tag => operational , blue tag => planned
Himawari 1st generation (Geostationary Meteorological Satellite)
(1977 - 1989)
(1981 - 1987)
(1984 - 1995)
(1989 - 2000)
(1995 - 2003)