BackForwardInstrument:  Geoton-L1 

Instrument details
Acronym Geoton-L1
Full name Panchromatic and multispectral radiometer - L1
Purpose Land and vegetation observation
Short description 6 channels in VIS/NIR (5 multispectral, 1 panchromatic) [see detailed characteristics below]
Background Evolution of Geoton-1 flown on Resurs-DK
Scanning Technique Pushbroom, 12000 pixel/line; swath 38 km addressable within a Field-of-Regard of 950 km, addressed by satellite tilting
Resolution 1 m (panchromatic), 4 m (multi-spectral), at s.s.p.
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage in 60 days, in daylight; locally more frequent by strategic pointing
Mass 310 kg Power Data Rate

 

Providing Agency Roscosmos
Instrument Maturity Backed by strong heritage
Utilization Period: 2013 to ≥2026
Last update: 2017-07-31
Detailed characteristics

Central wavelength

Spectral interval

SNR @ specified albedo

0.505 µm

0.48 - 0.53 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

0.565 µm

0.54 - 0.59 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

0.650 µm

0.62 - 0.68 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

0.760 µm

0.72 - 0.80 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

0.845 µm

0.81 - 0.88 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

Panchromatic

0.62 - 0.79 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • High resolution optical imager
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Biomass
  • Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)
  • Fraction of vegetated land
  • Leaf Area Index (LAI)
  • Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Biomass5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Biomass inferred from NDVI
Cloud cover5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud optical depth4 - fairLow-density cloud only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Earth surface albedo5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels
Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels including Red at 700 nm
Fraction of vegetated land2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Glacier cover4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels; and panchromatic channel with high resolution, for glacier boundary detection
Glacier topography4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross- and along-track steering capability for stereoscopy both in-orbit and between orbits
Ice sheet topography4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross- and along-track steering capability for stereoscopy both in-orbit and between orbits
Land cover2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Land surface topography4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross- and along-track steering capability for stereoscopy both in-orbit and between orbits
Leaf Area Index (LAI)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. LAI inferred from NDVI
Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels, range undersampled
Sea-ice cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR (for contour enhancement) channels
Short-wave cloud reflectance5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. Unsuitable dynamic range (saturation)
Snow cover4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and panchromatic (higher resolution) channels
Soil moisture at surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Soil moisture inferred from differential brightness
Soil type2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA5 - marginalSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Vegetation type3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash Total Column5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Fire fractional cover2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS channels with high resolution for boundary detection