BackForwardInstrument:  OCO  

Instrument details
Acronym OCO
Full name Orbiting Carbon Observatory
Purpose CO2 profile.
Short description 3 NIR/SWIR grating spectrometer, 3 bands, 0.76 µm (O2), 1.61 and 2.06 µm (CO2) - 3000 channels total [see detailed characteristics below]
Background Reflight of the unit on OCO, failed at launch
Scanning Technique Pushbroom, cross-track swath 10 km, 160 pixels/line binned to 10 super-pixels/line.  Three pointing modes: nadir, towards sun glint and towards a specific target
Resolution 1.29 km (cross-track), 2.25 km (along-track)
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage in one month for cells of 100 km side, in daylight
Mass 150 kg Power 165 W Data Rate 1 Mbps

 

Providing Agency NASA
Instrument Maturity Flown on an R&D satellite
Utilization Period: 2009-02-24 to ≥2020
Last update: 2017-08-02
Detailed characteristics
Spectral range No. of channels Spectral resolution SNR @ specified input spectral radiance
758 - 772 nm 1024 0.04 nm …….. @ ……… W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
1594 - 1619 nm 1024 0.08 nm …….. @ ……… W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
2042 - 2082 nm 1024 0.10 nm …….. @ ……… W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • Cross-nadir shortwave (UV/VIS) sounder
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • CO2 Mole Fraction
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
CO2 Mole Fraction1 - primaryCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Very-high resolution SWIR spectrometry CO2 lines around 1.6 and 2.1 micrometers. Specifically designed for CO2.