BackForwardInstrument:  HiRAIS 

Instrument details
Acronym HiRAIS
Full name High Resolution Advanced Imaging System
Purpose High-resolution land observation, disaster monitoring
Short description 5-channel VNIR radiometer including one panchromatic [see detailed characteristics below]
Background Follow-on of DMAC flown on DubaiSat-1
Scanning Technique Pushbroom. Swath 12 km, addressable within a field or regard of 720 km
Resolution PAN: 1 m, multispectral 4 m, at s.s.p.
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage in 6 months. Minimum revisit time for a specific area: 4 days
Mass 50 kg Power 100 W Data Rate 160 Mbps

 

Providing Agency EIAST
Instrument Maturity Flown on an R&D satellite
Utilization Period: 2014-04-14 to ≥2024
Last update: 2017-03-29
Detailed characteristics
Central wavelength Spectral interval SNR @ specified albedo
465 nm 420 - 510 nm ……… @ …… % albedo 
545 nm 510 - 580 nm ……… @ …… % albedo 
660 nm 600 - 720 nm ……… @ …… % albedo 
825 nm 760 - 890 nm ……… @ …… % albedo 
665 (PAN) 420 - 890 nm ……… @ …… % albedo 
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • High resolution optical imager
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Biomass
  • Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)
  • Fraction of vegetated land
  • Land cover
  • Leaf Area Index (LAI)
Show allShow fewer
Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Biomass5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Biomass inferred from NDVI
Cloud cover5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud optical depth5 - marginalLow-density cloud only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Earth surface albedo4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels
Fire fractional cover1 - primaryCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.Panchromatic channel with high resolution, for fire boundary detection
Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)3 - highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels including Red at 700 nm
Fraction of vegetated land2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Glacier cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels; and panchromatic channel with high resolution, for glacier boundary detection
Glacier topography4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross-track steering capability for stereoscopy between images from neighbour orbits
Ice sheet topography4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross-track steering capability for stereoscopy between images from neighbouring orbits
Land cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Land surface topography4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross-track steering capability for stereoscopy between images from neighbour orbits
Leaf Area Index (LAI)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. LAI inferred from NDVI
Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels, range undersampled
Sea-ice cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR (for contour enhancement) channels
Short-wave cloud reflectance5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. Unsuitable dynamic range (saturation)
Snow cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and panchromatic (higher resolution) channels
Soil moisture at surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Soil moisture inferred from differential brightness
Soil type5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA5 - marginalSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Vegetation type4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash (Total column)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels