BackForwardInstrument:  OCM (OceanSat-3) 

Instrument details
Acronym OCM (OceanSat-3)
Full name Ocean Color Monitor
Purpose Ocean colour and aerosol
Short description 12 narrow-bandwidth VIS/NIR channels [see detailed characteristics below]
Background Evolution of the OCM flown on OceanSat 1 and 2
Scanning Technique Pushbroom, 6000 pixel/line (3700 useful), swath 1420 km
Resolution 360 m x 236 m s.s.p.
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage in 2 days, in daylight
Mass 74 kg Power 85 W Data Rate 17 Mbps

 

Providing Agency ISRO
Instrument Maturity Flown on operational programme
Utilization Period: ≥2018 to ≥2025
Last update: 2017-07-17
Detailed characteristics

Central λ

Bandwidth

SNR @ specified input spectral radiance

412 nm

20 nm

837 @ 917 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

443 nm

20 nm

862 @ 564 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

490 nm

20 nm

863 @ 295 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

510 nm

20 nm

868 @ 290 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

555 nm

20 nm

888 @ 244 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

620 nm

20 nm

864 @ 148 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

660 nm

20 nm

.…. @ ... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

681 nm

.... nm

.…. @ ... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

710 nm

.... nm

.…. @ ... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

740 nm

30 nm

877 @ 99 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

865 nm

40 nm

868 @ 116 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

1040 nm

.... nm

.…. @ ... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1

Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • Moderate resolution optical imager
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Colour Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM)
  • Ocean Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient (DAC)
  • Ocean chlorophyll concentration
  • Ocean suspended sediments concentration
  • Oil spill cover
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Aerosol column burden3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS (with narrow bandwidth) and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level aerosol
Aerosol effective radius5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS (with narrow bandwidth) and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level aerosol
Aerosol mass mixing ratio4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS (with narrow bandwidth) and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level aerosol
Aerosol Optical Depth3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS (with narrow bandwidth) and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level aerosol
Aerosol type4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS (with narrow bandwidth) and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level aerosol
Biomass5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Biomass inferred from NDVI
Cloud cover5 - marginalDaylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud optical depth4 - fairLow-density cloud only.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud top height5 - marginalDaylight only.NIR channels to estimate the total-column O2 above the cloud top as measured around 760 nm
Cloud type5 - marginalDaylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Colour Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM)3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Many narrow-bandwith VIS channels, suitable for more water types, in open ocean
Downward short-wave irradiance at Earth surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Highly indirect.VIS and NIR channels
Earth surface albedo4 - fairCloud sensitive.VIS channels
Fire fractional cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Coarse spatial resolution.. Daylight only.VIS channels
Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)2 - very highCloud sensitive.VIS channels including Red at 700 nm
Leaf Area Index (LAI)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. LAI inferred from NDVI
Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)2 - very highCloud sensitive.VIS and NIR channels
Ocean chlorophyll concentration 3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Many narrow-bandwith VIS channels, suitable for more water types, in open ocean
Ocean Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient (DAC)3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Many narrow-bandwith VIS channels, suitable for more water types, in open ocean
Ocean suspended sediments concentration3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Many narrow-bandwith VIS channels, suitable for more water types, in open ocean
Oil spill cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS channels with narrow bandwidth
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)3 - highCloud sensitive.VIS channels, range accurately sampled
Sea-ice cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR (for contour enhancement) channels
Short-wave cloud reflectance4 - fairNo specific limitation.VIS and NIR channels
Snow cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Soil moisture at surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Soil moisture inferred from differential brightness
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA5 - marginalSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level ashes
Aerosol volcanic ash (Total column)3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level ashes