BackForwardInstrument:  SCIAMACHY-limb 

Instrument details
Acronym SCIAMACHY-limb
Full name Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (limb-scanning component)
Purpose Atmospheric chemistry.  Tracked species: BrO, CH4, ClO, CO, CO2, H2O, HCHO, N2O, NO, NO2, NO3, O2, O3, O4, OClO, SO2 and aerosol
Short description UV/VIS/NIR/SWIR grating spectrometer, eight bands, 8192 channels, with 7 polarisation channels [see detailed characteristics below]
Background New development
Scanning Technique Limb scanning of ± 500 km horizontal sector is provided. Also solar and lunar occultation: in this mode the instrument is self-calibrating (DOAS principle). The limb mode, the solar/lunar occultation mode and the cross-nadir mode are alternative to each other
Resolution Vertical: 3 km
Coverage / Cycle If used full time, the limb mode would provide global coverage every 3 days (in daylight). Solar  and lunar occultation: N/A
Mass 198 kg Power 122 W Data Rate 400 kbps

 

Providing Agency ESA
Instrument Maturity Flown on an R&D satellite
Utilization Period: 2002 to 2012-04-08
Last update: 2017-01-28
Detailed characteristics
Spectral range

No. of channels

Spectral resolution SNR at specified input spectral radiance
214-334 nm 1024 0.24 nm 500 @ 1.5 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
300-412 nm 1024 0.26 nm 4000 @ 130 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
383-628 nm 1024 0.44 nm 4500 @ 170 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
595-812 nm 1024 0.48 nm 3000 @ 49 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
773-1063 nm 1024 0.54 nm 2500 @ 24 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
971-1773 nm 1024 1.48 nm 1000 @ 8.2 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
1934-2044 nm 1024 0.22 nm 10 @ 0.2 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
2259-2386 nm 1024 0.26 nm 7 @ 0.1 W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
310-2380 nm 7 67 to 137 nm Not relevant
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Limb sounders
  • Limb sounder
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • BrO
  • CH4
  • CO
  • CO2
  • ClO
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Aerosol mass mixing ratio5 - marginalLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV, VIS, NIR and SWIR spectrometry.
Atmospheric temperature4 - fairLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV, VIS, NIR and SWIR spectrometry.
BrO3 - highLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV spectrometry. BrO lines around 300 nm. Limb sounding mechanically or electronically
HCHO 3 - highLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV spectrometry. HCHO lines around 350 nm.
CH44 - fairLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.SWIR spectrometry. CH4 lines around 2.3 micrometers.
ClO3 - highLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV Spectrometry. ClO lines around 300 nm.
CO4 - fairLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.SWIR spectrometry. CO lines around 2.3 micrometers.
CO24 - fairLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.SWIR spectrometry. CO2 lines around 1.6 and 2.1 micrometers.
H2O3 - highLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.Spectrometry in UV and VIS (several weak bands), and NIR and SWIR (strong bands around 940 and 1380 nm).
N2O4 - fairLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.SWIR spectrometry. N2O lines around 2.3 micrometers.
NO3 - highLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV spectrometry. NO lines around 250 nm.
NO23 - highLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV and VIS spectrometry. Several lines in the ranges around 220 nm and 400 nm.
O32 - very highLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV and VIS spectrometry. Ozone lines in the bands around 260 nm (Hartley) and/or 340 nm (Huggins) and 600 nm (Chappuis).
PSC occurrence3 - highLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV and VIS spectrometry.
SO23 - highLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV spectrometry. SO2 lines around 350 nm.
Specific humidity4 - fairLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV, VIS, NIR and SWIR spectrometry with several water vapour bands (main: around 940 and 1380 nm nm).
Aerosol volcanic ash5 - marginalLimited to high atmosphere.. Daylight only.UV, VIS, NIR and SWIR spectrometry;