BackForwardInstrument:  OSMI 

Instrument details
Acronym OSMI
Full name Ocean Scanning Multispectral Imager
Purpose Ocean colour and aerosol
Short description 8 VIS/NIR narrow-band channels selectable in steps of 2.6 nm in the range 400-900 nm [see detailed characteristics below]
Background New development
Scanning Technique Wiskbroom, swath 800 km
Resolution 1 km
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage in 3 days, in daylight
Mass Power Data Rate

 

Providing Agency KARI
Instrument Maturity Flown on an R&D satellite
Utilization Period: 2000 to 2008-01-31
Last update: 2016-10-14
Detailed characteristics
Central wavelength Bandwidth SNR @ specified input spectral radiance
412 nm 20 nm …… @ …….. W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
443 nm 20 nm …… @ …….. W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
490 nm 20 nm …… @ …….. W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
510 nm 20 nm …… @ …….. W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
555 nm 20 nm …… @ …….. W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
670 nm 20 nm …… @ …….. W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
765 nm 20 nm …… @ …….. W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
865 nm 40 nm …… @ …….. W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • Moderate resolution optical imager
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Colour Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM)
  • Ocean Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient (DAC)
  • Ocean chlorophyll concentration
  • Ocean suspended sediments concentration
  • Oil spill cover
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Downward short-wave irradiance at Earth surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Highly indirect.VIS and NIR channels
Sea-ice cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR (for contour enhancement) channels
Soil moisture at surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Soil moisture inferred from differential brightness
Aerosol column burden3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS (with narrow bandwidth) and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level aerosol
Aerosol Optical Depth3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS (with narrow bandwidth) and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level aerosol
Aerosol effective radius3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS (with narrow bandwidth) and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level aerosol
Aerosol mass mixing ratio3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS (with narrow bandwidth) and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level aerosol
Aerosol type3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS (with narrow bandwidth) and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level aerosol
Aerosol volcanic ash3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level ashes
Aerosol volcanic ash (Total column)3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels including 760 nm for high-level ashes
Leaf Area Index (LAI)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. LAI inferred from NDVI
Cloud cover5 - marginalDaylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud top height5 - marginalDaylight only.NIR channels to estimate the total-column O2 above the cloud top as measured around 760 nm
Cloud type5 - marginalDaylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud optical depth4 - fairLow-density cloud only.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA5 - marginalSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.VIS and NIR channels
Short-wave cloud reflectance5 - marginalNo specific limitation.VIS and NIR channels
Earth surface albedo5 - marginalCloud sensitive.VIS channels
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)3 - highCloud sensitive.VIS channels, range accurately sampled
Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)3 - highCloud sensitive.VIS channels including Red at 700 nm
Ocean chlorophyll concentration 4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Many narrow-bandwith VIS channels, suitable for more water types, in open ocean
Colour Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Many narrow-bandwith VIS channels, suitable for more water types, in open ocean
Ocean suspended sediments concentration4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Many narrow-bandwith VIS channels, suitable for more water types, in open ocean
Ocean Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient (DAC)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Many narrow-bandwith VIS channels, suitable for more water types, in open ocean
Oil spill cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS channels with narrow bandwidth
Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)3 - highCloud sensitive.VIS and NIR channels
Biomass5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Biomass inferred from NDVI
Fire fractional cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Coarse spatial resolution.. Daylight only.VIS channels
Snow cover4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels