BackForwardInstrument:  MSU-MR 

Instrument details
Acronym MSU-MR
Full name VIS/IR Imaging Radiometer
Purpose Multi-purpose VIS/IR imagery
Short description 6 VIS/NIR/SWIR/MWIR/TIR channels [see detailed characteristics below]
Background Evolution and merging of Klimat + MR-2000M1 on Meteor-3M
Scanning Technique Cross-track: 1540 pixels in line, swath 2800 km - Along-track: six 1-km lines/s
Resolution 1.0 km IFOV
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage twice/day (IR) or once/day (VIS)
Mass 70 kg Power 100 W Data Rate 660 kbps

 

Providing Agency Roscosmos
Instrument Maturity Flown on operational programme
Utilization Period: 2010-04-15 to ≥2028
Last update: 2017-07-18
Detailed characteristics
Central wavelength Spectral interval SNR or NEΔT @ specified input
0.60 µm 0.50 - 0.70 µm 1000 @ 80 % albedo
0.90 µm 0.70 - 1.10 µm 1000 @ 80 % albedo
1.70 µm 1.60 - 1.80 µm 1000 @ 80 % albedo
3.80 µm 3.50 - 4.10 µm 0.5 K @ 300 K
11.00 µm 10.5 - 11.5 µm 0.15 K @ 300 K
12.00 µm 11.5 - 12.5 µm 0.15 K @ 300 K
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • Moderate resolution optical imager
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Cloud cover
  • Cloud optical depth
  • Cloud top height
  • Cloud top temperature
  • Cloud type
Show allShow fewer
Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Biomass4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and SWIR channels. Biomass inferred from NDVI and LAI
Cloud cover1 - primaryNo specific limitation.VIS, NIR, SWIR, MWIR and TIR channels
Cloud drop effective radius4 - fairAt cloud top.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR, SWIR and MWIR channels (for differentiation)
Cloud ice effective radius4 - fairAt cloud top.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR, SWIR and MWIR channels (for differentiation)
Cloud optical depth4 - fairLow-density cloud only.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and SWIR channels
Cloud top height3 - highNo specific limitation.TIR window channels to estimate cloud top height from its temperature
Cloud top temperature3 - highNo specific limitation.TIR window channels
Cloud type1 - primaryNo specific limitation.VIS, NIR, SWIR, MWIR and TIR channels
Downward short-wave irradiance at Earth surface4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Highly indirect.VIS, NIR and SWIR channels
Fire fractional cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Coarse spatial resolution.VIS, MWIR and TIR channels
Fire radiative power3 - highCloud sensitive.. Coarse spatial resolution.MWIR and TIR channels
Fire temperature3 - highCloud sensitive.. Coarse spatial resolution.MWIR and TIR channels
Land surface temperature4 - fairCloud sensitive.MWIR and TIR window channels (high sensitivity to high temperature, cloud impact reduction, water vapour correction)
Leaf Area Index (LAI)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and SWIR channels
Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)2 - very highCloud sensitive.VIS and NIR channels
Sea surface temperature2 - very highCloud sensitive.MWIR and TIR window channels around 3.7 and 11 micrometers (cloud impact reduction, water vapour correction)
Sea-ice cover1 - primaryCloud sensitive.VIS, NIR (for contour enhancement), SWIR (for discrimination from clouds), MWIR and TIR channels
Short-wave cloud reflectance4 - fairNo specific limitation.VIS and NIR channels
Snow cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and SWIR channels, enabling screening snow from clouds
Soil moisture at surface4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Index only.VIS, NIR, SWIR, MWIR and TIR channels. Soil moisture inferred from differential brightness and thermal inertia
Integrated Water Vapour (IWV)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Low troposphere dominant.TIR channels in the 11 micrometers split window
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA5 - marginalSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.VIS, NIR and SWIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and SWIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash (Total column)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and SWIR channels
Wind (horizontal)5 - marginalCloud or water vapour tracers needed.. Polar regions only.TIR channel(s) around 11 micrometers window