BackForwardInstrument:  KMSS 

Instrument details
Acronym KMSS
Full name High-resolution VIS/IR Radiometer
Purpose High-resolution imagery
Short description 6 channels implemented by 3 cameras, two side-to-side and one overlapping [see detailed characteristics below]
Background Evolution of MSU-E on Meteor-3M
Scanning Technique Cross-track: 8000 CCD/line; swath 960 km
Resolution 60 - 120 m IFOV (see table)
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage in 3 days
Mass 8.1 kg Power 20.4 W Data Rate 60 Mbps

 

Providing Agency Roscosmos
Instrument Maturity Flown on operational programme
Utilization Period: 2010-04-15 to ≥2028
Last update: 2017-07-18
Detailed characteristics
Central wavelength Spectral interval SNR @ specified albedo Resolution at s.s.p.
0.41 µm 0.37 - 0.45 µm 200 @ 100 % albedo 120 m
0.48 µm 0.45 - 0.51 µm 200 @ 100 % albedo 120 m
0.635 µm 0.58 - 0.69 µm 200 @ 100 % albedo 120 m
0.555 µm 0.535 - 0.575 µm 200 @ 100 % albedo 60 m
0.655 µm 0.63 - 0.68 µm 200 @ 100 % albedo 60 m
0.830 µm 0.76 - 0.90 µm 200 @ 100 % albedo 60 m
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • High resolution optical imager
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Biomass
  • Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)
  • Fraction of vegetated land
  • Land cover
  • Leaf Area Index (LAI)
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Biomass5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Biomass inferred from NDVI
Cloud cover5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud optical depth5 - marginalLow-density cloud only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Earth surface albedo4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels
Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)3 - highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels including Red at 700 nm
Fraction of vegetated land2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Glacier cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Glacier topography5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS channel(s) and cross-track steering capability for stereoscopy between images from neighbour orbits
Ice sheet topography5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS channel(s) and cross-track steering capability for stereoscopy between images from neighbour orbits
Land cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Land surface topography5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS channel(s) and cross-track steering capability for stereoscopy between images from neighbouring orbits
Leaf Area Index (LAI)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. LAI inferred from NDVI
Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels, range undersampled
Sea-ice cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR (for contour enhancement) channels
Short-wave cloud reflectance5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. Unsuitable dynamic range (saturation)
Snow cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Soil moisture at surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Soil moisture inferred from differential brightness
Soil type5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA5 - marginalSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Vegetation type4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash (Total column)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels