BackForwardInstrument:  HRV 

Instrument details
Acronym HRV
Full name Haute Résolution dans le Visible
Purpose High-resolution land and vegetation observation.  Digital Elevation Model (DEM)
Short description Two parallel radiometers, 4 VIS/NIR channels, three multi-spectral (MS), one panchromatic (PAN) [see detailed characteristics below]
Background Flown on SPOT-1 (1986-2003), SPOT-2 (1990-2009), SPOT-3 (1993-1996)
Scanning Technique Pushbroom, 3000 pixel/line (MS), 6000 pixel/line (PAN), swath 60 km ssp (117 km with two instruments), cross-track pointing capability within a range of ± 450 km.  Stereoscopic capability between successive orbits
Resolution 20 m (MS), 10 m (PAN)
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage in 26 days, in daylight.  With strategic pointing, one place can be observed every 3 days.
Mass Power Data Rate 50 Mbps

 

Providing Agency CNES
Instrument Maturity Flown on operational programme
Utilization Period: 1986 to 2009-07-01
Last update: 2017-03-28
Detailed characteristics
Central wavelength Spectral interval SNR @ specified albedo
0.545 µm 0.50 - 0.59 µm …... @ 50 % albedo, SZA=60°
0.645 µm 0.61 - 0.68 µm …... @ 50 % albedo, SZA=60°
0.84 µm 0.79 - 0.89 µm …... @ 70 % albedo, SZA=60°
0.62 µm (PAN) 0.51 - 0.73 µm …... @ 50 % albedo, SZA=60°
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • High resolution optical imager
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Biomass
  • Fraction of vegetated land
  • Land cover
  • Leaf Area Index (LAI)
  • Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Fraction of vegetated land2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels, range undersampled
Aerosol volcanic ash5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash Total Column5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Sea-ice cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR (for contour enhancement) channels
Cloud cover5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud optical depth4 - fairLow-density cloud only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA5 - marginalSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Short-wave cloud reflectance5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. Unsuitable dynamic range (saturation)
Leaf Area Index (LAI)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. LAI inferred from NDVI
Vegetation type3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Biomass5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Biomass inferred from NDVI
Soil moisture at surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Soil moisture inferred from differential brightness
Snow cover4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and panchromatic (higher resolution) channels
Soil type2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Land cover2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Land surface topography5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross-track steering capability for stereoscopy between images from neighbour orbits
Glacier cover4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels; and panchromatic channel with high resolution, for glacier boundary detection
Glacier topography5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross-track steering capability for stereoscopy between images from neighbour orbits
Ice sheet topography5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross-track steering capability for stereoscopy between images from neighbouring orbits
Fire fractional cover2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS channels with high resolution for boundary detection