BackForwardInstrument:  GOME 

Instrument details
Acronym GOME
Full name Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment
Purpose Ozone profile and total-column or gross profile of other species.  Tracked species: BrO, CHOCHO, H2O, HCHO, NO2, O2, O3, O4, OClO, SO2 and aerosol
Short description UV/VIS grating spectrometer, four bands, 4096 channels, with 3 polarisation channels [see detailed characteristics below]
Background New development
Scanning Technique Cross-track: 3 steps of 40 km or 320 km ssp, swath 120 or 960 km - Along-track: one 40-km line every 6 s
Resolution 40 x 40 km2 associated to 120 km swath or 40 x 320 km2 associated to 960 km swath
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage every 24 days with high resolution or 3 days with low resolution.  Daylight only
Mass 50 kg Power 50 W Data Rate 40 kbps

 

Providing Agency ESA
Instrument Maturity Flown on an R&D satellite
Utilization Period: 1995 to 2011-07-06
Last update: 2012-09-05
Detailed characteristics
Spectral range No. of channels Spectral resolution SNR @ specified input spectral radiance
240-295 nm 1024 0.22 nm ......... @ ...... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
290-405 nm 1024 0.24 nm ......... @ ...... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
400-605 nm 1024 0.40 nm ......... @ ...... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
590-790 nm 1024 0.40 nm ......... @ ...... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
292-402 nm 1 110 nm ......... @ ...... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
402-597 nm 1 195 nm ......... @ ...... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
597-790 nm 1 193 nm ......... @ ...... W m-2 sr-1 μm-1
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • Cross-nadir shortwave (UV/VIS) sounder
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • BrO
  • ClO
  • H2O
  • HCHO
  • HCHO (Total Column)
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Aerosol column burden3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV (for absorbing aerosol), VIS and NIR spectrometry including the 760 nm band for high-level aerosol
Aerosol effective radius5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV, VIS and NIR spectrometry including the 760 nm band for high-level aerosol
Aerosol mass mixing ratio4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV (for absorbing aerosol),, VIS and NIR spectrometry including the 760 nm band for high-level aerosol
Aerosol Optical Depth3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV, VIS and NIR spectrometry including the 760 nm band for high-level aerosol
Aerosol type4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV (for absorbing aerosol), VIS and NIR spectrometry including the 760 nm band for high-level aerosol
BrO4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV spectrometry. BrO lines around 300 nm
HCHO 3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV spectrometry. HCHO lines around 350 nm
HCHO (Total Column)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV spectrometry. HCHO lines around 350 nm
ClO4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV Spectrometry. ClO lines around 300 nm
Cloud cover4 - fairDaylight only.VIS and NIR spectroscopy
Cloud drop effective radius4 - fairAt cloud top.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR spectrometry
Cloud ice effective radius4 - fairAt cloud top.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR spectrometry
Cloud optical depth3 - highLow-density cloud only.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR spectrometry
Cloud top height4 - fairDaylight only.NIR spectrometry to estimate the total-column O2 above the cloud top as measured around 760 nm
Downward short-wave irradiance at Earth surface4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Highly indirect.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR spectrometry
Earth surface albedo3 - highCloud sensitive.VIS spectrometry, range fully covered
Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)2 - very highCloud sensitive.VIS spectrometry including Red at 700 nm
H2O3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.Spectrometry in UV and VIS (several weak bands), and NIR (strong band around 940 nm)
NO3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV spectrometry. NO lines around 250 nm
NO23 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV and VIS spectrometry. Several lines in the ranges around 220 nm and 400 nm
NO2 (Total column)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV and VIS spectrometry. Several NO2 lines
O32 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV and VIS spectrometry. Ozone lines in the bands around 260 nm (Hartley) and/or 340 nm (Huggins) and 600 nm (Chappuis)
O3 (Total column)1 - primaryCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV and VIS spectrometry. Ozone lines in the bands around 260 nm (Hartley) and/or 340 nm (Huggins) and 600 nm (Chappuis)
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)3 - highCloud sensitive.VIS spectrometry, range fully covered
PSC occurrence3 - highCoarse vertical resolution.. Daylight only.UV and VIS spectrometry
Short-wave cloud reflectance5 - marginalNo specific limitation.VIS and NIR spectrometry. Unsuitable dynamic range (saturation)
SO23 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV spectrometry. SO2 lines around 350 nm
SO2 (Total column)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV spectrometry. SO2 lines around 350 nm
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA3 - highSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.UV, VIS and NIR spectrometry
Upward spectral radiance at TOA4 - fairMissing SWIR and all Long-waves.UV, VIS and NIR spectrometry
Aerosol volcanic ash4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV (specifically sensitive to ash), VIS and NIR spectrometry including the 760 nm band for high-level ash
Aerosol volcanic ash (Total column)3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.UV (specifically sensitive to ash), VIS and NIR spectrometry including the 760 nm band for high-level ash