BackForwardInstrument:  ShMSA-VR  

Instrument details
Acronym ShMSA-VR
Full name High resolution wide capture multispectral optical sensor
Purpose Land and vegetation observation
Short description 6 channels in VIS/NIR (5 multispectral, 1 panchromatic) [see detailed characteristics below]
Background Companion of a similar instrument, ShMSA-SR, that provides images with lower resolution over a wider field of view, driven to cover exactly the same area
Scanning Technique Pushbroom, 8160 pixels per line for panchromatic imaging and 4080 pixels per line for multispectral imaging. Swath 97.2 km, addressable vithin a Field-of-Regard of 950 km implemented by satellite tilting
Resolution 12 m in panchromatic, 24 m multispectral; at s.s.p.
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage in 25 days, less by strategic pointing; in daylight.
Mass Power Data Rate

 

Providing Agency Roscosmos
Instrument Maturity Flown on an R&D satellite
Utilization Period: 2013 to ≥2021
Last update: 2017-07-31
Detailed characteristics

Central wavelength

Spectral interval

SNR @ specified albedo

0.470 µm

0.43-0.51 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

0.545 µm

0.51-0.58 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

0.650 µm

0.60-0.70 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

0.750 µm

0.7-0.8 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

0.850 µm

0.8-0.9 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

Panchromatic

0.43-0.7 µm

…... @ ….. % albedo

Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • High resolution optical imager
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Biomass
  • Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)
  • Fraction of vegetated land
  • Leaf Area Index (LAI)
  • Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Biomass5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Biomass inferred from NDVI
Cloud cover5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud optical depth5 - marginalLow-density cloud only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Earth surface albedo4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels
Fire fractional cover1 - primaryCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.Panchromatic channel with high resolution, for fire boundary detection
Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)3 - highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels including Red at 700 nm
Fraction of vegetated land2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Glacier cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels; and panchromatic channel with high resolution, for glacier boundary detection
Glacier topography3 - highCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross- and along-track steering capability for stereoscopy both in-orbit and between orbits
Ice sheet topography3 - highCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross- and along-track steering capability for stereoscopy both in-orbit and between orbits
Land cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Land surface topography3 - highCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and panchromatic channels with cross- and along-track steering capability for stereoscopy both in-orbit and between orbits
Leaf Area Index (LAI)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. LAI inferred from NDVI
Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels, range undersampled
Sea-ice cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR (for contour enhancement) channels
Short-wave cloud reflectance5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. Unsuitable dynamic range (saturation)
Snow cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and panchromatic (higher resolution) channels
Soil moisture at surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Soil moisture inferred from differential brightness
Soil type5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA5 - marginalSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Vegetation type4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash (Total column)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels