BackForwardInstrument:  ECOSTRESS 

Instrument details
Acronym ECOSTRESS
Full name ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station
Purpose Land surface temperature measurements at varying times over the diurnal cycle to detect water stress in plants
Short description 5-channel TIR radiometer covering the range 8.3-12.1 μm with NEΔT ≤ 0.1 K @ 300 K
Background New development
Scanning Technique Cross-track whisk broom scanner with swath 384 km
Resolution 46 m s.s.p.
Coverage / Cycle In 4 days within the latitude belt determined by the ISS orbital inclination (51.6°)
Mass 266 kg Power 527 W Data Rate 2.32 Mbps

 

Providing Agency NASA
Instrument Maturity Flown on an R&D satellite
Utilization Period: 2018 to ≥2023
Last update: 2014-11-20
Detailed characteristics
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • High resolution optical imager
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Integrated Water Vapour (IWV)
Secondary mission objectives
  • Fire fractional cover
  • Land surface temperature
  • Sea surface temperature
Opportunity objectives
  • Cloud cover
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Cloud cover5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.TIR window channel(s) around 11 micrometers
Cloud top height3 - highInfrequent coverage.TIR channels in the 11 micrometers window and the water vapour band around 6.3 micrometers (for emissivity) to estimate cloud top height from its temperature
Cloud top temperature2 - very highInfrequent coverage.TIR channels in the window around 11 micrometers and the water vapour band around 6.3 micrometers (for emissivity) to estimate cloud top height from its temperature
Fire fractional cover2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.TIR window channel(s) around 11 micrometers
Fire radiative power5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.TIR window channel(s) around 11 micrometers
Fire temperature5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.TIR window channel(s) around 11 micrometers
Land surface temperature4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.TIR split window channels around 11 micrometers for water vapour correction
Sea surface temperature4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.TIR split window channels for water vapour correction
Integrated Water Vapour (IWV)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Low troposphere dominant.. Infrequent coverage.TIR channels in the 11 micrometers split window