BackForwardInstrument:  SkySat 

Instrument details
Acronym SkySat
Full name SkySat
Purpose Very-high-resolution land imagery
Short description 5-channel VIS/NIR radiometer with one panchromatic channel and 4 multi-spectral [see detailed characteristics below]. Capability of video-clips
Background New development
Scanning Technique Pushbroom, swath 8 km. Capability of providing video clips of areas minimum 5 km x 5 km of duration 90 s at 30 frames/s in MPEG-4 format (only in panchromatic)
Resolution 0.9 m (panchromatic) and 2.0 m (multispectral)
Coverage / Cycle Global coverage in one year, in daylight
Mass Power Data Rate

 

Providing Agency Skybox
Instrument Maturity Flown on an R&D satellite
Utilization Period: 2014 to ≥2022
Last update: 2017-03-29
Detailed characteristics

Central wavelength

Spectral interval

SNR @ specified albedo

N/A (PAN)

450-900 nm

……….. @ ……… % albedo

482 nm

450-515 nm

……….. @ ……… % albedo

555 nm

515-595 nm

……….. @ ……… % albedo

650 nm

605-695 nm

……….. @ ……… % albedo

820 nm

740-900 nm

……….. @ ……… % albedo

Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • High resolution optical imager
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Biomass
  • Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)
  • Fraction of vegetated land
  • Leaf Area Index (LAI)
  • Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
Show allShow fewer
Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Biomass5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Biomass inferred from NDVI
Cloud cover5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud optical depth5 - marginalLow-density cloud only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Earth surface albedo4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels
Fire fractional cover1 - primaryCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.Panchromatic channel with high resolution, for fire boundary detection
Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)3 - highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels including Red at 700 nm
Fraction of vegetated land2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Glacier cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels; and panchromatic channel with high resolution, for glacier boundary detection
Land cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Leaf Area Index (LAI)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. LAI inferred from NDVI
Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels, range undersampled
Sea-ice cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR (for contour enhancement) channels
Short-wave cloud reflectance5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. Unsuitable dynamic range (saturation)
Snow cover3 - highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS, NIR and panchromatic (higher resolution) channels
Soil moisture at surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Soil moisture inferred from differential brightness
Soil type5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA5 - marginalSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Vegetation type4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash (Total column)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels