Gap analyses by variable or by type of mission

Please select either a variable or a type of mission to display a time chart of satellite instruments having the potential to provide the corresponding measurements. The selection is based on design characteristics (Expert analysis) or declared mission objectives (Simplified analysis). Such a preliminary analysis does not replace a detailed assessment of the actual instrument performances, data availability, and quality of derived environmental data records against specific user requirements.

Note: The chart can be sorted by clicking on the header columns and filtered by instrument properties when applicable. Select the period of interest with the cursor at the bottom of the chart. Future missions which are not firmly planned are shaded with stripes. A warning icon (Important note) indicates degraded satellite: hover over the icon for details. The chart is followed by a table of all potentially relevant instruments.

Select a variable

or select a type of mission

Analysis
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In "Simplified" mode, the results in the analysis are calculated by looking at each instrument's mission objectives: for each instrument we keep track of what the primary, secondary, and opportunity mission objectives are. These mission objectives indicate that an instrument is primarily envisioned to measure variable X, Y and Z, that variables A, B and C are its secondary objective, and that it may offer the opportunity to measure variables I and II although it is not optimized for that. The simplified Gap analysis produces a timeline based on this information. The simplified Gap analysis is only available for analyzing variables, not for missions.
In "Expert system" mode, the results in the analysis are calculated with an expert system. Internally, OSCAR works with a large set of 1700 rules that determine whether or not an instrument is capable of measuring a given variable, and to what degree. When you select "Expert system", the Gap analysis is performed based on this large set of rules.
Measurement timeline for Sea surface temperature

Definition: Temperature of the sea water at surface. The “bulk” temperature refers to the depth of typically 2 m, the “skin” temperature refers to within the upper 1 mm.

Hint: Move around in the timeline by scrolling up, down, left or right.

Found 465 results

Instrument NRT? Relevance Satellite Orbit
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
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1977
1978
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1980
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2013
2014
2015
2016
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2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
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2024
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AATSR1 - primaryEnvisat10:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
ATSR1 - primaryERS-110:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
X
ATSR-2 Important note1 - primaryERS-210:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SLSTRYes1 - primarySentinel-3A10:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
SLSTR1 - primarySentinel-3B10:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
AIRSYes1 - primaryAqua13:30 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
CrIS1 - primaryJPSS-113:30 asc
X
XXXXXXX
CrIS1 - primaryJPSS-213:30 ascXXXXXXXX
CrIS Important noteYes1 - primarySNPP13:25 asc
X
XXXXXX
CrIS1 - primaryJPSS-313:30 ascXXXXXXXX
CrIS1 - primaryJPSS-413:30 ascXXXXXXXX
GIIRSYes1 - primaryFY-4A104.7°E
X
XXXXX
GIIRS1 - primaryFY-4B105°EXXXXXXXX
GIIRS1 - primaryFY-4C86.5°EXXXXXXXX
GIIRS1 - primaryFY-4D105°EXXXXXXXX
GIIRS1 - primaryFY-4E86.5°EXXXXXXXX
GIIRS1 - primaryFY-4F105°EXXXXXXXX
GIIRS1 - primaryFY-4G86.5°EXXXXXXXX
HIRAS1 - primaryFY-3D14:00 ascXXXXXX
HIRAS1 - primaryFY-3E06:00 descXXXXXX
HIRAS1 - primaryFY-3F10:00 descXXXXXX
HIRAS1 - primaryFY-3G14:00 ascXXXXXX
HIRAS1 - primaryFY-3H06:00 descXXXXXXXX
IASIYes1 - primaryMetop-A09:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
IASIYes1 - primaryMetop-B09:30 desc
X
XXXXXX
IASI1 - primaryMetop-C09:30 descXXXXXXX
IASI-NG1 - primaryMetop-SG-A109:30 descXXXXXXXX
IASI-NG1 - primaryMetop-SG-A209:30 descXXXXXXXX
IASI-NG1 - primaryMetop-SG-A309:30 descXXXXXXXX
IKFS-31 - primaryMeteor-MP N115:30 ascXXXXXXXX
IKFS-31 - primaryMeteor-MP N209:30 descXXXXXXXX
IMG1 - primaryADEOS10:30 desc
X
X
IRFS-GS1 - primaryElectro-M N114.5°WXXXXXXXXXXX
IRFS-GS1 - primaryElectro-M N276°EXXXXXXXXXXX
IRFS-GS1 - primaryElectro-M N3165.8°EXXXXXXXXXXX
IRS1 - primaryMTG-S1XXXXXXXXX
IRS1 - primaryMTG-S2XXXXXXXXX
TES-nadir Important note1 - primaryAura13:45 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
ISR2 - very highPCW-163.4 °XXXXXXXX
ISR2 - very highPCW-263.4 °XXXXXXXX
MSU-GS/A2 - very highArctica-M N163.4 °XXXXXX
MSU-GS/A2 - very highArctica-M N263.4 °XXXXXX
MSU-GS/A2 - very highArctica-M N363.4 °XXXXXX
MSU-GS/A2 - very highArctica-M N463.4 °XXXXXX
MSU-GS/A2 - very highArctica-M N563.4 °XXXXXX
ABI2 - very highGOES-1689.5°W
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
ABI2 - very highGOES-S75°W
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
ABI2 - very highGOES-T137°WXXXXXXXXXXXX
ABI2 - very highGOES-U75°WXXXXXXXXXXXX
AGRIYes2 - very highFY-4A104.7°E
X
XXXXX
AGRI2 - very highFY-4B105°EXXXXXXXX
AGRI2 - very highFY-4C86.5°EXXXXXXXX
AGRI2 - very highFY-4D105°EXXXXXXXX
AGRI2 - very highFY-4E86.5°EXXXXXXXX
AGRI2 - very highFY-4F105°EXXXXXXXX
AGRI2 - very highFY-4G86.5°EXXXXXXXX
AHIYes2 - very highHimawari-8140.7°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
AHI2 - very highHimawari-9140.7°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
AMI2 - very highGEO-KOMPSAT-2A128.2°EXXXXXXXXXXXX
AVHRR/22 - very highNOAA-714:30 asc
X
XXXX
X
AVHRR/22 - very highNOAA-914:30 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
AVHRR/22 - very highNOAA-1114:10 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
AVHRR/22 - very highNOAA-1205:10 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
AVHRR/22 - very highNOAA-1314:00 asc
X
AVHRR/22 - very highNOAA-1409:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
X
AVHRR/3Yes2 - very highMetop-A09:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
AVHRR/3Yes2 - very highMetop-B09:30 desc
X
XXXXXX
AVHRR/32 - very highMetop-C09:30 descXXXXXXX
AVHRR/3 Important noteYes2 - very highNOAA-1518:15 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
AVHRR/32 - very highNOAA-1609:01 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
AVHRR/3 Important note2 - very highNOAA-1707:03 desc
X
XXXXXXX
X
AVHRR/3Yes2 - very highNOAA-1819:02 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
AVHRR/3Yes2 - very highNOAA-1915:20 asc
X
XXXXXXXX
FCI2 - very highMTG-I19.5°EXXXXXXXXX
FCI2 - very highMTG-I29.5°EXXXXXXXXX
FCI2 - very highMTG-I39.5°EXXXXXXXXX
FCI2 - very highMTG-I49.5°EXXXXXXXXX
GLI2 - very highADEOS-210:30 desc
X
X
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)2 - very highGOES-1275°W
X
XXXXXXXX
X
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)Yes2 - very highGOES-1375°W
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)Yes2 - very highGOES-14105°W
X
XXXXXXXX
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)Yes2 - very highGOES-15135°W
X
XXXXXXXXXX
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)2 - very highGOES-12 (S-America)60°W
X
XX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)2 - very highGOES-875°W
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)2 - very highGOES-9135°W
X
XXXXXXX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)2 - very highGOES-10135°W
X
XXXXXXXX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)2 - very highGOES-11135°W
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)2 - very highGOES-9 (GMS backup)155°E
X
XX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)2 - very highGOES-10 (S-America)60°W
X
XX
X
IMAGER (INSAT)Yes2 - very highINSAT-3D82°E
X
XXXXXXXX
IMAGER (INSAT)2 - very highINSAT-3DR74°E
X
XXXXXXXX
IMAGER (INSAT)2 - very highINSAT-3DS74°EXXXXXXXX
IMAGER (MTSAT-2) Important noteYes2 - very highHimawari-7 (MTSAT-2)145°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
JAMI Important note2 - very highHimawari-6 (MTSAT-1R)140°E
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
MERSI-22 - very highFY-3D14:00 ascXXXXXX
MERSI-22 - very highFY-3E06:00 descXXXXXX
MERSI-22 - very highFY-3F10:00 descXXXXXX
MERSI-22 - very highFY-3G14:00 ascXXXXXX
MERSI-22 - very highFY-3H06:00 descXXXXXXXX
MERSI-22 - very highFY-3RM-1XXXXXX
MERSI-22 - very highFY-3RM-2XXXXXX
MetImage2 - very highMetop-SG-A109:30 descXXXXXXXX
MetImage2 - very highMetop-SG-A209:30 descXXXXXXXX
MetImage2 - very highMetop-SG-A309:30 descXXXXXXXX
MIYes2 - very highCOMS-1128.2°E
X
XXXXXXXXX
MODISYes2 - very highAqua13:30 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MODISYes2 - very highTerra10:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MSU-GS2 - very highElectro-L N129.6°W
X
XXXXX
MSU-GS Important noteYes2 - very highElectro-L N276.1°E
X
XXXXXXX
MSU-GS2 - very highElectro-L N314.5°WXXXXXXXX
MSU-GS2 - very highElectro-L N4166°EXXXXXXXX
MSU-GS2 - very highElectro-L N576°EXXXXXXXXXXX
MSU-GSM2 - very highElectro-M N114.5°WXXXXXXXXXXX
MSU-GSM2 - very highElectro-M N276°EXXXXXXXXXXX
MSU-GSM2 - very highElectro-M N3165.8°EXXXXXXXXXXX
MSU-MR Important note2 - very highMeteor-M N109:30 desc
X
XXXX
X
MSU-MRYes2 - very highMeteor-M N209:10 desc
X
XXXXX
MSU-MR2 - very highMeteor-M N2-115:09 asc
X
XXXXX
MSU-MR2 - very highMeteor-M N2-209:00 descXXXXXX
MSU-MR2 - very highMeteor-M N2-315:09 descXXXXXX
MSU-MR2 - very highMeteor-M N2-409:00 descXXXXXX
MSU-MR2 - very highMeteor-M N2-515:00 descXXXXXX
MSU-MR2 - very high Meteor-M N2-609:00 XXXXXX
MSU-MR-MP2 - very highMeteor-MP N115:30 ascXXXXXXXX
MSU-MR-MP2 - very highMeteor-MP N209:30 descXXXXXXXX
MVISR2 - very highFY-1A15:30 asc
X
MVISR2 - very highFY-1B07:50 desc
X
X
MVISR2 - very highFY-1C07:00 desc
X
XXXX
X
MVISR2 - very highFY-1D09:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
OCTS2 - very highADEOS10:30 desc
X
X
S-VISSR (FY-2C/D/E)2 - very highFY-2C123.5°E
X
XXXX
X
S-VISSR (FY-2C/D/E)2 - very highFY-2D123.5°E
X
XXXXXXXX
X
S-VISSR (FY-2C/D/E)Yes2 - very highFY-2E86.5°E
X
XXXXXXXXX
S-VISSR (FY-2F/G/H) Important noteYes2 - very highFY-2F112°E
X
XXXXXX
S-VISSR (FY-2F/G/H)Yes2 - very highFY-2G105°E
X
XXXX
S-VISSR (FY-2F/G/H)2 - very highFY-2H86.5°EXXXXX
SEVIRI2 - very highMeteosat-83.7°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SEVIRIYes2 - very highMeteosat-99.5°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SEVIRIYes2 - very highMeteosat-10
X
XXXXXXX
SEVIRI2 - very highMeteosat-113.4°W
X
XXXXXXX
SEVIRI2 - very highMeteosat-8 (IODC)41.5°E
X
XXX
VIIRS2 - very highJPSS-113:30 asc
X
XXXXXXX
VIIRS2 - very highJPSS-213:30 ascXXXXXXXX
VIIRSYes2 - very highSNPP13:25 asc
X
XXXXXX
VIIRS2 - very highJPSS-313:30 ascXXXXXXXX
VIIRS2 - very highJPSS-413:30 ascXXXXXXXX
VIRR (FY-3)2 - very highFY-3A09:05 desc
X
XXXXXX
X
VIRR (FY-3)Yes2 - very highFY-3B14:45 asc
X
XXXXXXX
VIRR (FY-3)Yes2 - very highFY-3C10:15 desc
X
XXXXX
VIRS2 - very highTRMM35 °
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
HIRS/22 - very highNOAA-607:30 desc
X
XXXXXXX
X
HIRS/22 - very highNOAA-714:30 asc
X
XXXX
X
HIRS/22 - very highNOAA-807:30 desc
X
X
X
HIRS/22 - very highNOAA-914:30 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
HIRS/22 - very highNOAA-1007:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
HIRS/22 - very highNOAA-1114:10 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
HIRS/22 - very highNOAA-1205:10 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
HIRS/22 - very highNOAA-1314:00 asc
X
HIRS/22 - very highNOAA-1409:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
X
HIRS/22 - very highTIROS-N14:30 asc
X
XX
X
HIRS/3 Important note2 - very highNOAA-1518:15 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
HIRS/32 - very highNOAA-1609:01 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
HIRS/32 - very highNOAA-1707:03 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
HIRS/4Yes2 - very highMetop-A09:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
HIRS/4 Important noteYes2 - very highMetop-B09:30 desc
X
XXXXXX
HIRS/4 Important note2 - very highNOAA-1819:02 asc
X
XXX
X
HIRS/4 Important note2 - very highNOAA-1915:20 asc
X
XXX
X
IRAS Important note2 - very highFY-3A09:05 desc
X
IRASYes2 - very highFY-3B14:45 asc
X
XXXXXXX
IRASYes2 - very highFY-3C10:15 desc
X
XXXXX
SOUNDER2 - very highGOES-875°W
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
SOUNDER2 - very highGOES-9135°W
X
XXXXXXX
X
SOUNDER2 - very highGOES-10135°W
X
XXXXXXXX
X
SOUNDER2 - very highGOES-11135°W
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
SOUNDER2 - very highGOES-1275°W
X
XXXXXXXX
X
SOUNDER Important noteNo2 - very highGOES-1375°W
X
XXXXXXXX
X
SOUNDERYes2 - very highGOES-14105°W
X
XXXXXXXX
SOUNDERYes2 - very highGOES-15135°W
X
XXXXXXXXXX
SOUNDER2 - very highGOES-9 (GMS backup)155°E
X
XX
X
SOUNDER2 - very highGOES-10 (S-America)60°W
X
XX
X
SOUNDER2 - very highGOES-12 (S-America)60°W
X
XX
X
SOUNDER (INSAT)Yes2 - very highINSAT-3D82°E
X
XXXXXXXX
SOUNDER (INSAT)2 - very highINSAT-3DR74°E
X
XXXXXXXX
SOUNDER (INSAT)2 - very highINSAT-3DS74°EXXXXXXXX
VAS2 - very highGOES-4135°W
X
XXXXXXX
X
VAS2 - very highGOES-575°W
X
XXXXXXXX
X
VAS2 - very highGOES-6135°W
X
XXXXX
X
VAS2 - very highGOES-775°W
X
XXXXXXXX
X
MTVZA-OK (MW)2 - very highSICH-1M82.5 °
X
X
X
WindSat Important noteNo2 - very highCoriolis06:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
NIRST3 - highSAC-D06:00 desc
X
XXX
X
AMSR3 - highADEOS-210:30 desc
X
X
AMSR-2No3 - highGCOM-W113:30 asc
X
XXXXX
AMSR-23 - highGCOM-W213:30 ascXXXXXX
AMSR-23 - highGCOM-W313:30 ascXXXXXX
AMSR-E Important noteNo3 - highAqua13:30 asc
X
XXXXXXXX
X
MSMR3 - highOceanSat-1 (IRS-P4)12:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
MTVZA-GY-MP3 - highMeteor-MP N115:30 ascXXXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY-MP3 - highMeteor-MP N209:30 descXXXXXXXX
MWI (HY-2A)3 - highHY-2A06:00 desc
X
XXXX
X
MWI (HY-2A)3 - highHY-2B06:00 descXXXXXX
SMMR3 - highNimbus-712:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SMMR3 - highSeaSat108 °
X
IKFS-23 - highMeteor-M N209:10 desc
X
XXXXX
IKFS-23 - highMeteor-M N2-115:09 asc
X
XXXXX
IKFS-23 - highMeteor-M N2-209:00 descXXXXXX
IKFS-23 - highMeteor-M N2-315:09 descXXXXXX
IKFS-23 - highMeteor-M N2-409:00 descXXXXXX
IKFS-23 - highMeteor-M N2-515:00 descXXXXXX
IKFS-23 - high Meteor-M N2-609:00 XXXXXX
IRIS-B3 - highNimbus-312:00 desc
X
XX
X
IRIS-D3 - highNimbus-412:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
TANSO-FTSNo3 - highGOSAT-113:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
TANSO-FTS/23 - highGOSAT-213:00 descXXXXXXX
HIRS4 - fairNimbus-612:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
X
ITPR4 - fairNimbus-512:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
SCR (Nimbus-5)4 - fairNimbus-512:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
AVHRR4 - fairNOAA-607:30 desc
X
XXXXXXX
X
AVHRR4 - fairNOAA-807:30 desc
X
X
X
AVHRR4 - fairNOAA-1007:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
AVHRR4 - fairTIROS-N14:30 asc
X
XX
X
HRIR4 - fairNimbus-112:00 desc
X
HRIR4 - fairNimbus-211:30 desc
X
XX
X
HRIR4 - fairNimbus-312:00 desc
X
XX
X
MTVZA-OK (optical)4 - fairSICH-1M82.5 °
X
X
X
GF-4 imagerNo4 - fairGF-4106°E
X
XXXXXXXX
HSRS4 - fairBIRD10:30 desc
X
XXXXX
X
IIP4 - fairKOMPSAT-3A10:50 asc
X
XXXX
IRMSS (HJ-1B)4 - fairHJ-1B Important note10:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXX
MIRIS/MEOC4 - fairSTSat-310:30 desc
X
X
X
MSU-IK-SR4 - fairKANOPUS-V-IK-110:30 asc
X
XXXXX
MSU-SK14 - fairResurs-O1-410:15 asc
X
XXX
X
Delta-2D4 - fairOkean-O-182.5 °
X
X
SHF4 - fairMeteor-P181.2 °
X
X
X
SHF4 - fairMeteor-P281.2 °
X
X
X
SHF4 - fairMeteor-P310:15 asc
X
X
X
SHF4 - fairMeteor-P610:15 asc
X
X
X
COCTS4 - fairHY-1A10:30 desc
X
X
X
COCTS4 - fairHY-1B Important note10:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXX
COCTS4 - fairHY-1C10:30 descXXXXXXX
COCTS4 - fairHY-1D13:30 ascXXXXXXX
COCTS4 - fairHY-1E13:30 ascXXXXXXX
COCTS4 - fairHY-1F13:30 ascXXXXXXX
IIRNo4 - fairCALIPSO13:30 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
MSI4 - fairEarthCARE14:00 descXXXX
SGLI4 - fairGCOM-C110:30 descXXXXXX
SGLI4 - fairGCOM-C210:30 descXXXXXX
SGLI4 - fairGCOM-C310:30 descXXXXXX
TIR4 - fairOceanSat-312:00 descXXXXXX
TIR4 - fairOceanSat-3A12:00 descXXXXXX
VISSR (Himawari-5)4 - fairHimawari-5 (GMS-5)140°E
X
XXXXXXX
X
VTIR4 - fairMOS-110:15 desc
X
XXXXXXX
X
VTIR4 - fairMOS-1B10:35 desc
X
XXXXX
X
ASTER Important noteYes4 - fairTerra10:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
ECOSTRESS4 - fairISS ECOSTRESS51.6 °XXXXXX
HRMX-TIR4 - fairGISAT93.5°EXXXXXXXX
TIRSYes4 - fairLandsat-810:15 desc
X
XXXXX
SI-GDR4 - fairMeteor-P281.2 °
X
X
X
SI-GDR4 - fairMeteor-P310:15 asc
X
X
X
SI-GDR4 - fairMeteor-P410:15 asc
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-181.3 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-281.3 °
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-381.2 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-481.2 °
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-581.2 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-681.2 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-781.3 °
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-882.5 °
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-981.3 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-1081.2 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-1182.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-1282.5 °
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-1382.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-1482.5 °
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-1582.5 °
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-1682.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-1782.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-1882.5 °
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-1982.5 °
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-2082.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairMeteor-2-2182.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-3)4 - fairMeteor-3-182.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-3)4 - fairMeteor-3-282.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-3)4 - fairMeteor-3-382.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-3)4 - fairMeteor-3-482.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-3)4 - fairMeteor-3-582.5 °
X
X
X
SM (Meteor-3)4 - fairMeteor-3-682.5 °
X
X
X
CZCS5 - marginalNimbus-712:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
GHI5 - marginalFY-4B105°EXXXXXXXX
HCMR5 - marginalHCMM14:00 asc
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-181.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-281.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-381.2 °
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-481.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-581.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-681.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-781.2 °
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-881.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-981.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-1081.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-1181.2 °
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-1281.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-1381.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-1481.2 °
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-1581.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-1681.2 °
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-1781.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-1981.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-2081.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-2181.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-2281.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-2381.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-2481.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-2681.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-1-2781.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-P181.2 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalMeteor-P281.2 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-181.3 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-281.3 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-381.2 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-481.2 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-581.2 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-681.2 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-781.3 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-882.5 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-981.3 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-1081.2 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-1182.5 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-1282.5 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-1382.5 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-1482.5 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-1582.5 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-1682.5 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-1782.5 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-1882.5 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-1982.5 °
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-2082.5 °
X
X
X
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalMeteor-2-2182.5 °
X
X
X
Klimat5 - marginalMeteor-3-182.5 °
X
X
X
Klimat5 - marginalMeteor-3-282.5 °
X
X
X
Klimat5 - marginalMeteor-3-382.5 °
X
X
X
Klimat5 - marginalMeteor-3-482.5 °
X
X
X
Klimat5 - marginalMeteor-3-582.5 °
X
X
X
Klimat5 - marginalMeteor-3-682.5 °
X
X
X
Klimat5 - marginalMeteor-3M09:15 asc
X
XXXX
X
MERSI-15 - marginalFY-3A09:05 desc
X
XXXXXX
X
MERSI-1Yes5 - marginalFY-3B14:45 asc
X
XXXXXXX
MERSI-1 Important note5 - marginalFY-3C10:15 desc
X
X
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-1
X
X
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-2
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-3
X
XX
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-4
X
XXXXX
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-5
X
XXXXXX
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-6
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-7 (IODC)58°E
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-3 (ADC)50°W
X
X
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-3 (X-ADC)75°W
X
X
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-5 (IODC)63°E
X
XXXXXXXX
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-6 (IODC)67.5°E
X
XXX
X
MVIRI5 - marginalMeteosat-7
X
XXXXXXXX
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F0106:20 desc
X
XX
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F0210:00 desc
X
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F0306:20 desc
X
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F0410:00 desc
X
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F0506:20 
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F0606:20 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F0710:10 desc
X
XXXX
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F0806:10 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F0909:30 desc
X
XXXXX
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F1007:30 desc
X
XXXXXX
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F1105:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F1203:35 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-F1305:51 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
OLS Important noteNo5 - marginalDMSP-F14 Important note16:45 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
OLSNo5 - marginalDMSP-F15 Important note14:36 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
OLSNo5 - marginalDMSP-F16 Important note15:50 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
OLSNo5 - marginalDMSP-F1706:29 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
OLSNo5 - marginalDMSP-F1806:28 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
OLSNo5 - marginalDMSP-F1906:36 desc
X
X
X
OLS5 - marginalDMSP-S2005:30 descXXXXXX
S-VISSR (FY-2A/B)5 - marginalFY-2A105°E
X
X
S-VISSR (FY-2A/B)5 - marginalFY-2B105°E
X
XXXXX
X
SCMR5 - marginalNimbus-512:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
SR5 - marginalITOS-1 (TIROS-M)14:30 asc
X
X
SR5 - marginalNOAA-113:30 asc
X
X
SR5 - marginalNOAA-214:30 asc
X
XX
X
SR5 - marginalNOAA-314:30 asc
X
XX
X
SR5 - marginalNOAA-414:30 asc
X
XXX
X
SR5 - marginalNOAA-514:30 asc
X
XX
X
STR (Electro)5 - marginalElectro-GOMS76.5°E
X
XXXXX
X
THIR5 - marginalNimbus-412:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
THIR5 - marginalNimbus-512:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
THIR5 - marginalNimbus-612:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
X
THIR5 - marginalNimbus-712:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (ATS)5 - marginalATS-694°W
X
XXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)5 - marginalINSAT-1A74°E
X
VHRR (INSAT)5 - marginalINSAT-1B74°E
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)5 - marginalINSAT-1C93.5°E
X
X
VHRR (INSAT)5 - marginalINSAT-1D74°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)5 - marginalINSAT-2A74°E
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)5 - marginalINSAT-2B93.5°E
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)5 - marginalINSAT-2D93.5°E
X
VHRR (INSAT)5 - marginalINSAT-2E83°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)5 - marginalINSAT-3A93.5°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)Yes5 - marginalKalpana-174°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
VHRR (NOAA)5 - marginalNOAA-214:30 asc
X
XX
X
VHRR (NOAA)5 - marginalNOAA-314:30 asc
X
XX
X
VHRR (NOAA)5 - marginalNOAA-414:30 asc
X
XXX
X
VHRR (NOAA)5 - marginalNOAA-514:30 asc
X
XX
X
VIRR (Seasat)5 - marginalSeaSat108 °
X
VISSR5 - marginalGOES-1135°W
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR5 - marginalGOES-275°W
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR5 - marginalGOES-3135°W
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR5 - marginalSMS-175°W
X
XXXXXX
X
VISSR5 - marginalSMS-2135°W
X
XXXXXX
X
VISSR (Himawari 1-4)5 - marginalHimawari-1 (GMS-1)140°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR (Himawari 1-4)5 - marginalHimawari-2 (GMS-2)140°E
X
XXXXX
X
VISSR (Himawari 1-4)5 - marginalHimawari-3 (GMS-3)140°E
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR (Himawari 1-4)5 - marginalHimawari-4 (GMS-4)140°E
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
CIRCNo5 - marginalALOS-212:00 desc
X
XXXXX
ETM+ Important noteYes5 - marginalLandsat-710:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
IRMSS5 - marginalCBERS-110:30 desc
X
XXX
X
IRMSS Important note5 - marginalCBERS-210:30 desc
X
XX
IRMSS-25 - marginalCBERS-410:30 asc
X
XXX
IRS (SJ-9)5 - marginalSJ-9B Important note10:30 desc
X
XXXXX
MSU-SK (Okean)5 - marginalOkean-O-182.5 °
X
X
MSU-SK (Okean)5 - marginalOkean-O1-182.5 °
X
X
X
MSU-SK (Okean)5 - marginalOkean-O1-282.5 °
X
X
X
MSU-SK (Okean)5 - marginalOkean-O1-382.5 °
X
X
X
MSU-SK (Okean)5 - marginalOkean-O1-582.5 °
X
X
X
MSU-SK (Okean)5 - marginalOkean-O1-682.5 °
X
X
X
MSU-SK (Okean)5 - marginalOkean-O1-782.5 °
X
X
X
MSU-SK (Okean)5 - marginalSICH-182.5 °
X
XXXXX
X
MSU-SK (Resurs)5 - marginalResurs-O1-110:15 asc
X
X
MSU-SK (Resurs)5 - marginalResurs-O1-210:15 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
MSU-SK (Resurs)5 - marginalResurs-O1-310:15 asc
X
XXXXXX
X
MSU-SK (Resurs)5 - marginalMeteor-P510:15 asc
X
X
X
MSU-V5 - marginalOkean-O-182.5 °
X
X
TM5 - marginalLandsat-410:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
TM5 - marginalLandsat-509:45 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SIRS-A5 - marginalNimbus-312:00 desc
X
XX
X
SIRS-B5 - marginalNimbus-412:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
VTPR5 - marginalNOAA-214:30 asc
X
XX
X
VTPR5 - marginalNOAA-314:30 asc
X
XX
X
VTPR5 - marginalNOAA-414:30 asc
X
XXX
X
VTPR5 - marginalNOAA-514:30 asc
X
XX
X
GMI (core)No5 - marginalGPM Core Observatory65 °
X
XXX
MTVZA-GY Important note5 - marginalMeteor-M N109:30 desc
X
XXXX
X
MTVZA-GYYes5 - marginalMeteor-M N209:10 desc
X
XXXXX
MTVZA-GY5 - marginalMeteor-M N2-115:09 asc
X
XXXXX
MTVZA-GY5 - marginalMeteor-M N2-209:00 descXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY5 - marginalMeteor-M N2-315:09 descXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY5 - marginalMeteor-M N2-409:00 descXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY5 - marginalMeteor-M N2-515:00 descXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY5 - marginal Meteor-M N2-609:00 XXXXXX
MWRI Important note5 - marginalFY-3A09:05 desc
X
MWRIYes5 - marginalFY-3B14:45 asc
X
XXXXXXX
MWRIYes5 - marginalFY-3C10:15 desc
X
XXXXX
MWRI5 - marginalFY-3D14:00 ascXXXXXX
MWRI5 - marginalFY-3F10:00 descXXXXXX
MWRI5 - marginalFY-3G14:00 ascXXXXXX
MWRI (FY-3RM)5 - marginalFY-3RM-1XXXXXX
MWRI (FY-3RM)5 - marginalFY-3RM-2XXXXXX
TMI 5 - marginalTRMM35 °
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
R6005 - marginalOkean-O-182.5 °
X
X
All instruments for measuring Sea surface temperature
Instruments Relevance Operational limitations
AATSR1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
ATSR1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
ATSR-21 - primaryCloud sensitive..
SLSTR1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
AIRS1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
CrIS1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
GIIRS1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
HIRAS1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
IASI1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
IASI-NG1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
IKFS-31 - primaryCloud sensitive..
IMG1 - primaryCloud sensitive.. Along-track only..
IRFS-GS1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
IRS1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
TES-nadir1 - primaryCloud sensitive..
ISR2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Limited coverage (only above 40° North).
MSU-GS/A2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Limited coverage (only above 40° North).
ABI2 - very highCloud sensitive..
AGRI2 - very highCloud sensitive..
AHI2 - very highCloud sensitive..
AMI2 - very highCloud sensitive..
AVHRR/22 - very highCloud sensitive..
AVHRR/32 - very highCloud sensitive..
FCI2 - very highCloud sensitive..
GLI2 - very highCloud sensitive..
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)2 - very highCloud sensitive..
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)2 - very highCloud sensitive..
IMAGER (INSAT)2 - very highCloud sensitive..
IMAGER (MTSAT-2)2 - very highCloud sensitive..
JAMI2 - very highCloud sensitive..
MERSI-22 - very highCloud sensitive..
MetImage2 - very highCloud sensitive..
MI2 - very highCloud sensitive..
MODIS2 - very highCloud sensitive..
MSU-GS2 - very highCloud sensitive..
MSU-GSM2 - very highCloud sensitive..
MSU-MR2 - very highCloud sensitive..
MSU-MR-MP2 - very highCloud sensitive..
MVISR2 - very highCloud sensitive..
OCTS2 - very highCloud sensitive..
S-VISSR (FY-2C/D/E)2 - very highCloud sensitive..
S-VISSR (FY-2F/G/H)2 - very highCloud sensitive..
SEVIRI2 - very highCloud sensitive..
VIIRS2 - very highCloud sensitive..
VIRR (FY-3)2 - very highCloud sensitive..
VIRS2 - very highCloud sensitive..
HIRS/22 - very highCloud sensitive..
HIRS/32 - very highCloud sensitive..
HIRS/42 - very highCloud sensitive..
IRAS2 - very highCloud sensitive..
SOUNDER2 - very highCloud sensitive..
SOUNDER (INSAT)2 - very highCloud sensitive..
VAS2 - very highCloud sensitive..
MIS2 - very highNo specific limitation..
MTVZA-OK (MW)2 - very highNo specific limitation..
WindSat2 - very highNo specific limitation..
NIRST3 - highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
AMSR3 - highNo specific limitation..
AMSR-23 - highNo specific limitation..
AMSR-E3 - highNo specific limitation..
MSMR3 - highNo specific limitation..
MTVZA-GY-MP3 - highNo specific limitation..
MWI (HY-2A)3 - highNo specific limitation..
SMMR3 - highNo specific limitation..
IKFS-23 - highCloud sensitive..
IR spectrometer3 - highCloud sensitive.. Along-track only..
IRIS-B3 - highCloud sensitive.. Along-track only..
IRIS-D3 - highCloud sensitive.. Along-track only..
TANSO-FTS3 - highCloud sensitive..
TANSO-FTS/23 - highCloud sensitive..
HIRS4 - fairCloud sensitive..
ITPR4 - fairCloud sensitive..
SCR (Nimbus-5)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Along-track only..
AVHRR4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Affected by sunlight..
HRIR4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Affected by sunlight..
MTVZA-OK (optical)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Affected by sunlight..
GF-4 imager4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Affected by sunlight..
HSRS4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Affected by sunlight..
IIP4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Affected by sunlight..
IRMSS (HJ-1B)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Affected by sunlight..
MIRIS/MEOC4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Affected by sunlight..
MSU-IK-SR4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Affected by sunlight..
MSU-SK14 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Affected by sunlight..
Delta-2D4 - fairNo specific limitation..
SHF4 - fairNo specific limitation..
COCTS4 - fairCloud sensitive..
IIR4 - fairCloud sensitive..
MSI4 - fairCloud sensitive..
SGLI4 - fairCloud sensitive..
TIR4 - fairCloud sensitive..
VISSR (Himawari-5)4 - fairCloud sensitive..
VTIR4 - fairCloud sensitive..
ASTER4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
ECOSTRESS4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
HRMX-TIR4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
TIRS4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
SI-GDR4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Along-track only..
SM (Meteor-2)4 - fairCloud sensitive..
SM (Meteor-3)4 - fairCloud sensitive..
CZCS5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
GHI5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
HCMR5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
IR (Meteor-1)5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
IR (Meteor-2)5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
Klimat5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
MERSI-15 - marginalCloud sensitive..
MVIRI5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
OLS5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
S-VISSR (FY-2A/B)5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
SCMR5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
SR5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
STR (Electro)5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
THIR5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
VHRR (ATS)5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
VHRR (INSAT)5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
VHRR (NOAA)5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
VIRR (Seasat)5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
VISSR5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
VISSR (Himawari 1-4)5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
CIRC5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
ETM5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
ETM+5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
IRMSS5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
IRMSS-25 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
IRS (SJ-9)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
MSU-SK (Okean)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
MSU-SK (Resurs)5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
MSU-V5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
TM5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage..
SIRS-A5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Along-track only..
SIRS-B5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
VTPR5 - marginalCloud sensitive..
GMI (constellation)5 - marginalWarm temperature only..
GMI (core)5 - marginalWarm temperature only..
MTVZA-GY5 - marginalWarm temperature only..
MWRI5 - marginalWarm temperature only..
MWRI (FY-3RM)5 - marginalWarm temperature only..
TMI 5 - marginalWarm temperature only..
R6005 - marginalAlong-track only..