Gap analyses by variable or by type of mission

Please select either a variable or a type of mission to display a time chart of satellite instruments having the potential to provide the corresponding measurements. The selection is based on design characteristics (Expert analysis) or declared mission objectives (Simplified analysis). Such a preliminary analysis does not replace a detailed assessment of the actual instrument performances, data availability, and quality of derived environmental data records against specific user requirements.

Note: The chart can be sorted by clicking on the header columns and filtered by instrument properties when applicable. Select the period of interest with the cursor at the bottom of the chart. Future missions which are not firmly planned are shaded with stripes. A warning icon (Important note) indicates degraded satellite: hover over the icon for details. The chart is followed by a table of all potentially relevant instruments.

Select a variable

or select a type of mission

Analysis
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In "Simplified" mode, the results in the analysis are calculated by looking at each instrument's mission objectives: for each instrument we keep track of what the primary, secondary, and opportunity mission objectives are. These mission objectives indicate that an instrument is primarily envisioned to measure variable X, Y and Z, that variables A, B and C are its secondary objective, and that it may offer the opportunity to measure variables I and II although it is not optimized for that. The simplified Gap analysis produces a timeline based on this information. The simplified Gap analysis is only available for analyzing variables, not for missions.
In "Expert system" mode, the results in the analysis are calculated with an expert system. Internally, OSCAR works with a large set of 1700 rules that determine whether or not an instrument is capable of measuring a given variable, and to what degree. When you select "Expert system", the Gap analysis is performed based on this large set of rules.
Measurement timeline for Accumulated precipitation (over 24 h)

Definition:

Integration of precipitation rate reaching the ground over several time intervals. The reference requirement refers to integration over 24 h

Hint: Move around in the timeline by scrolling up, down, left or right.

Found 152 results

Instrument NRT? Relevance Satellite Orbit
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MTVZA-GY Important note3 - highMeteor-M N109:30 desc
X
XXXX
X
MTVZA-GYYes3 - highMeteor-M N209:10 desc
X
XXXXX
MTVZA-GY3 - highMeteor-M N2-115:09 asc
X
XXXXX
MTVZA-GY3 - highMeteor-M N2-209:00 descXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY3 - highMeteor-M N2-315:09 descXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY3 - highMeteor-M N2-409:00 descXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY3 - highMeteor-M N2-515:00 descXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY3 - high Meteor-M N2-609:00 XXXXXX
MTVZA-GY-MP3 - highMeteor-MP N115:30 ascXXXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY-MP3 - highMeteor-MP N209:30 descXXXXXXXX
MTVZA-OK (MW)3 - highSICH-1M82.5 °
X
X
X
AMSR3 - highADEOS-210:30 desc
X
X
AMSR-2No3 - highGCOM-W113:30 asc
X
XXXXX
AMSR-23 - highGCOM-W213:30 ascXXXXXX
AMSR-23 - highGCOM-W313:30 ascXXXXXX
AMSR-E Important noteNo3 - highAqua13:30 asc
X
XXXXXXXX
X
GMI (core)No3 - highGPM Core Observatory65 °
X
XXX
TMI 3 - highTRMM35 °
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
ABI3 - highGOES-1689.5°W
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
ABI3 - highGOES-S75°W
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
ABI3 - highGOES-T137°WXXXXXXXXXXXX
ABI3 - highGOES-U75°WXXXXXXXXXXXX
AGRIYes3 - highFY-4A104.7°E
X
XXXXX
AGRI3 - highFY-4B105°EXXXXXXXX
AGRI3 - highFY-4C86.5°EXXXXXXXX
AGRI3 - highFY-4D105°EXXXXXXXX
AGRI3 - highFY-4E86.5°EXXXXXXXX
AGRI3 - highFY-4F105°EXXXXXXXX
AGRI3 - highFY-4G86.5°EXXXXXXXX
AHIYes3 - highHimawari-8140.7°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
AHI3 - highHimawari-9140.7°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
AMI3 - highGEO-KOMPSAT-2A128.2°EXXXXXXXXXXXX
FCI3 - highMTG-I19.5°EXXXXXXXXX
FCI3 - highMTG-I29.5°EXXXXXXXXX
FCI3 - highMTG-I39.5°EXXXXXXXXX
FCI3 - highMTG-I49.5°EXXXXXXXXX
GHI3 - highFY-4B105°EXXXXXXXX
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)3 - highGOES-1275°W
X
XXXXXXXX
X
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)Yes3 - highGOES-1375°W
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)Yes3 - highGOES-14105°W
X
XXXXXXXX
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)Yes3 - highGOES-15135°W
X
XXXXXXXXXX
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)3 - highGOES-12 (S-America)60°W
X
XX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)3 - highGOES-875°W
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)3 - highGOES-9135°W
X
XXXXXXX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)3 - highGOES-10135°W
X
XXXXXXXX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)3 - highGOES-11135°W
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)3 - highGOES-9 (GMS backup)155°E
X
XX
X
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)3 - highGOES-10 (S-America)60°W
X
XX
X
IMAGER (INSAT)Yes3 - highINSAT-3D82°E
X
XXXXXXXX
IMAGER (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-3DR74°E
X
XXXXXXXX
IMAGER (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-3DS74°EXXXXXXXX
IMAGER (MTSAT-2) Important noteYes3 - highHimawari-7 (MTSAT-2)145°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
JAMI Important note3 - highHimawari-6 (MTSAT-1R)140°E
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
MIYes3 - highCOMS-1128.2°E
X
XXXXXXXXX
MSU-GS3 - highElectro-L N129.6°W
X
XXXXX
MSU-GS Important noteYes3 - highElectro-L N276.1°E
X
XXXXXXX
MSU-GS3 - highElectro-L N314.5°WXXXXXXXX
MSU-GS3 - highElectro-L N4166°EXXXXXXXX
MSU-GS3 - highElectro-L N576°EXXXXXXXXXXX
MSU-GSM3 - highElectro-M N114.5°WXXXXXXXXXXX
MSU-GSM3 - highElectro-M N276°EXXXXXXXXXXX
MSU-GSM3 - highElectro-M N3165.8°EXXXXXXXXXXX
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-1
X
X
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-2
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-3
X
XX
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-4
X
XXXXX
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-5
X
XXXXXX
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-6
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-7 (IODC)58°E
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-3 (ADC)50°W
X
X
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-3 (X-ADC)75°W
X
X
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-5 (IODC)63°E
X
XXXXXXXX
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-6 (IODC)67.5°E
X
XXX
X
MVIRI3 - highMeteosat-7
X
XXXXXXXX
X
S-VISSR (FY-2A/B)3 - highFY-2A105°E
X
X
S-VISSR (FY-2A/B)3 - highFY-2B105°E
X
XXXXX
X
S-VISSR (FY-2C/D/E)3 - highFY-2C123.5°E
X
XXXX
X
S-VISSR (FY-2C/D/E)3 - highFY-2D123.5°E
X
XXXXXXXX
X
S-VISSR (FY-2C/D/E)Yes3 - highFY-2E86.5°E
X
XXXXXXXXX
S-VISSR (FY-2F/G/H) Important noteYes3 - highFY-2F112°E
X
XXXXXX
S-VISSR (FY-2F/G/H)Yes3 - highFY-2G105°E
X
XXXX
S-VISSR (FY-2F/G/H)3 - highFY-2H86.5°EXXXXX
SEVIRI3 - highMeteosat-83.7°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SEVIRIYes3 - highMeteosat-99.5°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SEVIRIYes3 - highMeteosat-10
X
XXXXXXX
SEVIRI3 - highMeteosat-113.4°W
X
XXXXXXX
SEVIRI3 - highMeteosat-8 (IODC)41.5°E
X
XXX
STR (Electro)3 - highElectro-GOMS76.5°E
X
XXXXX
X
VHRR (ATS)3 - highATS-694°W
X
XXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-1A74°E
X
VHRR (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-1B74°E
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-1C93.5°E
X
X
VHRR (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-1D74°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-2A74°E
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-2B93.5°E
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-2D93.5°E
X
VHRR (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-2E83°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)3 - highINSAT-3A93.5°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
X
VHRR (INSAT)Yes3 - highKalpana-174°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
VISSR3 - highGOES-1135°W
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR3 - highGOES-275°W
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR3 - highGOES-3135°W
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR3 - highSMS-175°W
X
XXXXXX
X
VISSR3 - highSMS-2135°W
X
XXXXXX
X
VISSR (Himawari 1-4)3 - highHimawari-1 (GMS-1)140°E
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR (Himawari 1-4)3 - highHimawari-2 (GMS-2)140°E
X
XXXXX
X
VISSR (Himawari 1-4)3 - highHimawari-3 (GMS-3)140°E
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR (Himawari 1-4)3 - highHimawari-4 (GMS-4)140°E
X
XXXXXXXXXX
X
VISSR (Himawari-5)3 - highHimawari-5 (GMS-5)140°E
X
XXXXXXX
X
MWRI Important note4 - fairFY-3A09:05 desc
X
MWRIYes4 - fairFY-3B14:45 asc
X
XXXXXXX
MWRIYes4 - fairFY-3C10:15 desc
X
XXXXX
MWRI4 - fairFY-3D14:00 ascXXXXXX
MWRI4 - fairFY-3F10:00 descXXXXXX
MWRI4 - fairFY-3G14:00 ascXXXXXX
MWRI (FY-3RM)4 - fairFY-3RM-1XXXXXX
MWRI (FY-3RM)4 - fairFY-3RM-2XXXXXX
WindSat Important noteNo4 - fairCoriolis06:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MWI (MetOp-SG)4 - fairMetop-SG-B109:30 descXXXXXXXX
MWI (MetOp-SG)4 - fairMetop-SG-B209:30 descXXXXXXXX
MWI (MetOp-SG)4 - fairMetop-SG-B309:30 descXXXXXXXX
MTVZA4 - fairMeteor-3M09:15 asc
X
XXXX
X
SSMIS Important noteNo4 - fairDMSP-F16 Important note15:50 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SSMIS Important noteNo4 - fairDMSP-F1706:29 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
SSMIS Important noteNo4 - fairDMSP-F1806:28 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
SSMISNo4 - fairDMSP-F1906:36 desc
X
X
X
SSMIS4 - fairDMSP-S2005:30 descXXXXXX
DPRNo4 - fairGPM Core Observatory65 °
X
XXX
Ku/KaPR4 - fairFY-3RM-1XXXXXX
Ku/KaPR4 - fairFY-3RM-2XXXXXX
MW sounder4 - fairTROPICS30 °XXXXXX
PR Important note4 - fairTRMM35 °
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
MWI (HY-2A)5 - marginalHY-2A06:00 desc
X
XXXX
X
MWI (HY-2A)5 - marginalHY-2B06:00 descXXXXXX
SMMR5 - marginalNimbus-712:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SMMR5 - marginalSeaSat108 °
X
MADRAS Important note5 - marginalMegha-Tropiques20 °
X
X
X
SSM/I5 - marginalDMSP-F0806:10 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SSM/I5 - marginalDMSP-F1007:30 desc
X
XXXXXX
X
SSM/I5 - marginalDMSP-F1105:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
X
SSM/I5 - marginalDMSP-F1203:35 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SSM/I5 - marginalDMSP-F1305:51 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SSM/I Important noteNo5 - marginalDMSP-F14 Important note16:45 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SSM/I Important noteNo5 - marginalDMSP-F15 Important note14:36 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Delta-2D5 - marginalOkean-O-182.5 °
X
X
SHF5 - marginalMeteor-P181.2 °
X
X
X
SHF5 - marginalMeteor-P281.2 °
X
X
X
SHF5 - marginalMeteor-P310:15 asc
X
X
X
SHF5 - marginalMeteor-P610:15 asc
X
X
X
HRMX-TIR5 - marginalGISAT93.5°EXXXXXXXX
CPR (CloudSat) Important note5 - marginalCloudSat13:30 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
CPR (Earth-CARE)5 - marginalEarthCARE14:00 descXXXX
All instruments for measuring Accumulated precipitation (over 24 h)
Instruments Relevance Operational limitations
GeoSTAR1 - primaryNo specific limitation..
MIS3 - highPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
MTVZA-GY3 - highPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
MTVZA-GY-MP3 - highPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
MTVZA-OK (MW)3 - highPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
AMSR3 - highPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
AMSR-23 - highPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
AMSR-E3 - highPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
GMI (core)3 - highPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
TMI 3 - highPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
ABI3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
AGRI3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
AHI3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
AMI3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
FCI3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
GHI3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
IMAGER (GOES 12-15)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
IMAGER (GOES 8-11)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
IMAGER (INSAT)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
IMAGER (MTSAT-2)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
JAMI3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
MI3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
MSU-GS3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
MSU-GSM3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
MVIRI3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
S-VISSR (FY-2A/B)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
S-VISSR (FY-2C/D/E)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
S-VISSR (FY-2F/G/H)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
SEVIRI3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
STR (Electro)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
VHRR (ATS)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
VHRR (INSAT)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
VISSR3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
VISSR (Himawari 1-4)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
VISSR (Himawari-5)3 - highConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
GMI (constellation)4 - fairPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
MWRI4 - fairPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
MWRI (FY-3RM)4 - fairPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
WindSat4 - fairPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
MWI (MetOp-SG)4 - fairPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
MTVZA4 - fairPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
SSMIS4 - fairPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
DPR4 - fairPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
Ku/KaPR4 - fairPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
MW sounder4 - fairNo specific limitation..
PR4 - fairLiquid precipitation dominant.. Poor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
MWI (HY-2A)5 - marginalPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
SMMR5 - marginalPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
MADRAS5 - marginalPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
SSM/I5 - marginalPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
Delta-2D5 - marginalPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
SHF5 - marginalPoor time sampling.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
HRMX-TIR5 - marginalConvective precipitation dominant.. Calibration by MW needed..
CPR (CloudSat)5 - marginalLight precipitation only.. Along-track only.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..
CPR (Earth-CARE)5 - marginalLight precipitation only.. Along-track only.. Time sampling to be interpolated by GEO..